Bible Basics:

An Introductory course on how to use the Bible, how the Bible is organized and outlines of the Books of the Bible.
BOOK OF THE MONTH: ROMANS

  Book of Romans

  • Introduction:
    1. The Book of Romans was authored by Paul and the scribe or amanuensis of the letter was a person named Tertius (Romans 16:13). Romans was written around A.D. 57 and probably originated from Corinth. Corinth is accepted as the origination point because of Paul listing several from the Corinthian church in chapter 16; Phoebe, Gaius, and Erastus. Also, in chapter 15 Paul mentions the collection for the Jerusalem church has been completed. (Rom 15:23-29, 2 Cor 8-9).  The church in Rome was predominantly Gentile; however, there are several chapters that reference Jews.  One little piece of trivia is that church at Rome and Colossians are the only two churches that Paul writes in which he had not visited.
  • Major Themes:
    1. For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile. 17 For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed—a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written: “The righteous will live by faith” (Romans 1:16-17).
      1. Justification by Faith
      2. Life in the Spirt
  • Church-state relationships
  1. Peter and Rom
  • Outline of Romans;
    1. Introduction (1:1-17)
      1. Greeting (1:1-7)
      2. Paul’s desire to visit Rome (1:8-15)
  • Theme of God’s righteousness (1:16-17)
  1. The Sinfulness of All Human Beings (1:18 – 3:20)
    1. Sinfulness f the Pagan world (1:18-32)
    2. Sinfulness of the Jews ( 2:1-3:8)
  • Proof of universal sinfulness (3:9-20)
  1. The Path of Righteousness (3:21- 5:21)
    1. God’s provision in the work of Christ (3:21-31)
    2. Faith of Abraham and David (4:1 – 25)
  • Blessings of justification (5:1-11)
  1. Contrast between Adam and Christ (5:12-21)
  1. The Path of Holy Living (6:1 – 8:39)
    1. Victory over sin (6:1-23)
      1. A question about sin (6:1-2)
      2. Baptism – union with Christ (6:3-14)
      3. Slavery – devotion to Christ 6:15-23)
    2. Victory over the law (7:1-25)
      1. Illustration released from marriage (7:1-6)
      2. Inner struggles with sin (7:7 -25)
  • Victory over Death (8:1- 39)
    1. New life in the Spirit (8:1-17)
    2. Anticipation of coming glory (8:18-30)
    3. Confidence of victory (31-39)
  1. The Problem of Israel’s unbelief (9: 1-11:36)
    1. Paul’s concern for Israel (9:1-5)
    2. Sovereignty of God’s election (9:6-29)
  • Responsibility of human beings (9:30 – 10:21)
    1. Stubbornness of Israel (9: 30-33)
    2. Contrast between legal and faithful righteousness (10:1-13)
    3. Proclaiming the Gospel worldwide (10:14-21)
  1. God’s Plan for Israel (11:1-32)
    1. Israel’s alienation not final (11:1-16)
    2. Parable of the olive-tree (11:17-24)
    3. Coming restoration of Israel (11: 25-29)
  2. God’s Purpose for Mankind (11:30-36)
  1. Practical Christian Living (12:1-15:13)
    1. Appeal to consecration (12:1-2)
    2. Use of spiritual gifts (12:2-8)
  • Love within and outside the Christian community (12:9-21)
  1. Responsibility to secular government (13:1-7)
  2. Imperative of love (13:8-10)
  3. Moral readiness for Christ (13:11-14)
  • Love and Christian liberty (14:1- 15:13)
    1. Practice of Christian liberty (14:1-12)
    2. Demonstration of Christian charity (14:13-23)
    3. Example of Christ (15:1-13)
  1. Conclusion (15:14 – 16: 27)
    1. Paul’s plan for future visits (15:14-33)
    2. Commendation of Phoebe (16:1-2)
    3. Greetings to Christian friends (16:3-16)
    4. Warnings against false teachers (16:17-20)
    5. Greetings from Christian friends (16:21-24)
    6. Doxology (16:25-27)